Image of the Wylam RocketCo-option Policy and Procedure

Adopted by Wylam Parish Council at its meeting on 10th December 2018

This policy can also be viewed/downloaded as a pdf document.

1. Introduction

1.1 Although the process for co-option to vacancies of local councils is not prescribed in law, NALC’s Legal Briefing L15-08 provides guidance.

1.2 Of paramount importance is that all applicants are treated alike so that arrangements are seen as open, fair and transparent.  This policy sets out the procedure to be followed by Wylam Parish Council when co-option is under consideration.

1.3 Whenever the need for co-option arises, Wylam Parish Council will seek and encourage applications from anyone who is eligible to stand as a Parish Councillor.  Councillors and parishioners can legally approach individuals to suggest that they might wish to consider putting their names forward for co-option and encouraging them to register their expression of interest.

1.4 The Parish Council is not obliged to co-opt to fill any vacancy.  Even if the Council invites applications for co-option, it is not obliged to select anyone from the candidates who apply.

1.5 Any candidate(s) found to be offering inducements of any kind or undue pressure will be disqualified.

1.6 However, it is not desirable that electors of the Parish be left partially or unrepresented for a significant length of time; neither does it contribute to the effective and efficient working of the Parish Council if there are insufficient councillors to share the workload equitably, provide a broad cross-section of skills and interests, or to achieve meeting quorums without difficulty, given that some absence is unavoidable at times.  However, this must not be used as an excuse to co-opt and the vacancy will remain an agenda item until filled.

1.7 Councillors elected by co-option are full members of the Parish Council. 

2. Process

2.1 In the event of a vacancy occurring due to resignation, death or ineligibility, the Clerk will immediately inform Electoral Service at Northumberland County Council (NCC), who will then supply the requisite Notice of Vacancy for posting.

2.2 Should the requisite 10 electors of the Parish not have called for a poll (by-election) within the legally specified time period (currently 14 days) following the publication of the Notice of Vacancy, the Parish Clerk is notified by NCC that the vacancy or vacancies may be filled by co-option.  The Parish Council may then decide if they wish to proceed to co-opt within 28 days or wait for a period of up to 6 months before proceeding.

2.3 The Parish Council will place the Notice of Vacancy supplied by Electoral Services at NCC on village notice boards and on the website.  The Notice will also be placed at other locations if instructed by the Council.

2.4 On receipt of written notification from Electoral Services at NCC that a casual vacancy/vacancies can be filled by means of co-option and on instruction from the Council, the Clerk will place a notice announcing that the vacancy/vacancies are to be filled by co-option and asking for expressions of interest.  The notice will include:

  • A contact point so that people considering putting their names forward for co-option can obtain more information on the role of a parish councillor;
  • Contact details to where expressions of interest should be made (usually the Clerk, via email or hard copy);
  • The closing date for all expressions of interest.

3. Application process

3.1 When expressions of interest have been received, the Clerk will provide all applicants with the Parish Council’s Co-option Application Form and Co-option Eligibility Form for completion and return.

3.2 The Clerk will then consider completed forms to check that the individual(s) meet the qualification requirements and confirm that, if successful, they would be willing to accept the Code of Conduct and other obligations of a Parish Councillor.

3.3 All candidates may be asked to provide a personal statement.  Completed forms and personal statements will be circulated to Parish Councillors at least seven days prior to a full meeting of the Council where the co-option(s) will be considered.  All such documents will be treated by the Clerk and Councillors as strictly private and confidential.

3.4 Candidates will be informed of the date of the meeting at which the Parish Council will make a decision on the co-option(s).  Notice of the Intention to Co-opt should be given in the agenda for the meeting of the Parish Council.

3.5 Candidates may be invited to the meeting to introduce themselves and to provide Councillors the opportunity to ask questions of them, or the Council may decide to rely on the written submissions alone.  If candidates are not invited to speak at the co-option meeting, they are welcome to (but are not required to) attend as members of the public.  The Council may only discuss each candidate’s suitability for the role when he/she and members of the public are not present.

3.6 Only Councillors present at the meeting may vote upon a person or persons to fill the vacancy/vacancies.  Councillors will have one vote per vacancy to be filled.

3.7 If a candidate is a relative of a Councillor or has connections with any candidate which may be perceived as prejudicial, that Councillor should declare an interest and withdraw from the meeting.  Under any of these circumstances a vote by the Councillor concerned is not allowed.

3.8 The Parish Council will appoint co-opted members by voting according to Standing Orders.

3.9 If there are exactly as many as, or fewer candidates than vacancies, the Parish Council may vote on a composite motion, duly proposed and seconded, that all candidates be co-opted.  If there are more candidates than vacancies, it will be necessary for existing Councillors present at the meeting to vote.

3.10 Voting will be by a show of hands, unless a Councillor requests a secret ballot or the Chairman directs that one shall take place.

3.11 If there are more candidates than vacancies, Arnold Baker’s Local Council Administration recommends that:

  1. A successful candidate should have received an absolute majority vote of those present and voting.So if there are more than two candidates for one vacancy and none of them, at the first count, has an overall majority, the candidate with the fewest votes should be eliminated and the remainder put to the vote again.The process should be repeated as necessary until one candidate has an overall majority.
  2. Each vacancy should be filled by a separate vote or series of votes.  In a small council there is a distinct possibility that there could be a tie for last place in the first round of voting, leaving the candidate for elimination to be decided by lots.
  3. The Chairman has the casting vote.

3.12 After the vote:

  1. The Clerk will notify the candidates of the results by email as soon as is reasonably possible (usually within 24 hours).
  2. Successfully co-opted candidates become Councillors in their own right, with immediate effect, and are no different to any other member.  As such, they must sign the Declaration of Acceptance of Office Form and Registration of Interests Form at their first meeting, or within 28 calendar days of election, whichever is the sooner.  The successful candidate(s) will also confirm that they will comply with and abide by the Parish Council’s Code of Conduct, as they had previously indicated on their Co-option Application and Co-option Eligibility forms.  Should the new Councillor(s) not comply with or breach the Code of Conduct, then the Monitoring Officer at NCC will be advised, who will then deal with the matter.
  3. The successful candidate’s term of office runs until the next quadrennial elections for the Parish Council.


This document is based upon a study of legislation, guidelines and practices of other Local Councils.  It is intended as a summary of the most relevant points of procedure and legislation, rather than a definitive exposition.

Unless otherwise specified, period of days given in this document refer to working days in that they exclude weekends and public holidays.

Adopted by Wylam Parish Council on 9th April 2018.
Next Review May 2021